Any man worth his salt will stick up for what he believes right, but it takes a slightly better man to acknowledge instantly andwithout reservation that he is in error.

 – President Andrew Jackson

Essential Questions

  1. How did debates over American democratic culture and the proximity of many different cultures living in close contact affect changing definitions of national identity?
  2. How did the growth of mass manufacturing in the rapidly urbanizing North affect definitions of and relationships between workers, and those for whom they worked? How did the continuing dominance of agriculture and the slave system affect southern social, political, and economic life?
  3. How did the continued movement of individuals and groups into, out of, and within the United States shape the development of new communities and the evolution of old communities?
  4. How did the growth of ideals of mass democracy, including such concerns as expanding suffrage, public education, abolitionism, and care for the needy affect political life and discourse?
  5. How did the United States use diplomatic and economic means to project its power in the western hemisphere? How did foreign governments and individuals describe and react to the new American nation?
  6. How did environmental and geographic factors affect the development of sectional economics and identities?
  7. How did the idea of democratization shape and reflect American arts, literature, ideals, and culture?


**Bold words are specifically mentioned in the AP US History Course Description and can be referenced directly on the AP Exam.

  1. Agricultural Wheel
  2. Americanization
  3. American Federation of Labor
  4. Atlanta Compromise
  5. Bosque Redondo
  6. Bread and Roses Strike
  7. Carlisle Indian School
  8. Chinese Exclusion Act
  9. Closing of the Frontier
  10. Colored Farmers’ National Alliance and Cooperative Union
  11. Conspicuous Consumption
  12. Coxey’s Army
  13. Dawes Act
  14. Farmers’ Alliance
  15. Federal Trade Commission
  16. Ghost Dance
  17. Gilded Age
  18. Gospel of Wealth
  19. Grants Peace Policy
  20. Haymarket
  21. Holding Companies
  22. Homestead Act
  23. Horizontal Integration
  24. Ida B. Wells
  25. Indian Wars/Reservations
  1. Industrial Capitalism
  2. Industrial Workers of the World
  3. Industrialization
  4. Initiative
  5. Interstate Commerce Act
  6. Jane Adams
  7. JP Morgan
  8. Labor Unions
  9. Laissez-faire
  10. Little Big Horn
  11. Ludlow Massacre
  12. Melting Pot
  13. Monopolies
  14. Muckrakers
  15. Mugwumps
  16. NAACP
  17. National Parks
  18. New Freedom
  19. New immigrants vs. native born
  20. New South
  21. Niagara Movement
  22. Panic of 1873
  23. Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
  24. People’s Party (Populists)
  25. Plessy v. Ferguson
  26. Pogroms
  1. Political Machine
  2. Progressive Reformers
  3. Recall
  4. Referendum
  5. Settlement Houses
  6. Sherman Anti-Trust Act
  7. Single Tax Movement
  8. Social Darwinism
  9. Social Gospel
  10. Stalwarts
  11. subtreasury system
  12. Sweatshops
  13. Tammany Hall
  14. The Grange
  15. The Knights of Labor
  16. Transcontinental Railroad
  17. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
  18. Trusts
  19. United Mine Workers of America
  20. Urban Middle Class
  21. Vertical Integration
  22. Women’s Christian Temperance Union
  23. Xenophobia

The West

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Responses to Industrialization

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Unit Review

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